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Automated calls that offer unwanted or illegal products or that attempt to defraud you are known as robocalls. And they have risen into the billions in recent years. The FCC is trying to fight it as are the telephone carriers, who waste large sums of money trying to block such calls legally from their networks and have to field millions of angry questions from subscribers.

(Some robocalls are legal and desirable: school announcements, doctor appointment reminders, and automated messages from companies that you do business with and gave permission to call you.)

Part of the problem is that FCC rules limit the way in which telcos can prevent calls from passing over their networks. That’s to prevent phone operators from blocking competitive companies. But it also ties their hands a bit regarding fraud.

But if you opt into call blocking of scams and spam, the phone companies have your permission and it’s just fine. (The FCC and telcos are working on a comprehensive solution called STIR and SHAKEN that will block forged Caller ID messages, too.)

Protect yourself from robocalls

nomorobo ios

Telephone Science Corporation
iOS apps like Nomorobo can identify robocalls.
Apple added the option in iOS 9 for third-party apps to annotate incoming calls based on Caller ID. Several of these are available, some with free tiers and some with paid options. The best of them, such as Hiya and Nomorobo, show a message alongside an incoming call that matches their databases that reads “robocall” or “scam or fraud”—or the great “neighbor scam,” in which the area code and prefix (next three numbers) of the incoming call are changed to match your number, making you think it might be a call from someone you know.

You can also turn to free services that can be enabled via apps or your account from three of the four biggest U.S. wireless carriers. Because these work at the network level, you’ll have fewer calls pass through to your phone that are problematic.

AT&T Call Protect.

The free flavor installs as an app, and blocks calls before they hit your phone as well as identify ones that are sketchy. You can also create a personal block list. A paid flavor adds reverse-number lookup and a few other security features. (I’m an AT&T customer, and have had this installed for years; I receive nothing like the volume of robocalls most people I know complain of.)

T-Mobile ScamID and ScamBlock.

These two services don’t require apps, and block calls identified as scam and mark ones via Caller ID that T-Mobile isn’t as sure about. A paid service, NameID, uses an app to offer more ID features for regular calls and provide other call-handling options, and lets you set up a personal block list.

Verizon Call Filter.

This Verizon app can be set to block and mark calls. A paid version adds a separate personal spam and block list. Verizon joined AT&T and T-Mobile with the free version just a few days ago, and it has fewer features than the free tier of the other two carriers.

Are you fed up with the contant interruptions, of spam calls, emails, and social media messages?
Here is a PDF document to help get your life back:

Please leave comments on what you think about this...
You've been able to make a PDF out of any document on Macs for years. We take it so much for granted, though, that we don't know what extra options we've got —nor noticed how Apple is trying to change the way we're supposed to make PDFs. we walk you through making a PDF, with only the tools that come with macOS.

Why make a PDF document, you ask? It is a universal standard and will keep all formatting in tact no mater what device or fonts you have.
So lets get to it...

We just do not appreciate what we've got. After a brief period in the '90s when PDFs could only be generated through costly software, the document format was added a core feature of macOS. For a while after that, it would only be when you had to use a client's PC that you realized how integral PDFs are to Macs, how easy they are to use. And, how exasperating it was that just to print out a PDF on Windows you had to buy extra software —if the client's IT department would let you.

Things have changed, and now Windows 10 has some of the PDF features that we're used to on the Mac. Yet still, our familiarity means we can miss out on some of the finer PDF details and features our Macs can do for us.

There are third-party tools with features that Macs —and especially the Preview app —don't have. But, the giant majority of what you can use a PDF for is covered right there in Mojave.

Making PDFs

For years and years, the way to make a PDF out of any document in any application on the Mac was exactly the same. You printed it. Go to File, Print and click on the PDF button at the bottom left of the Print dialog. It looks like a button but it's a drop-down menu. Choose Save as PDF from the list and then you're shown a regular Save dialog that lets you choose where you're going to put the PDF document.

It's easy to miss but every Print dialog has a PDF dropdown menu

That's it. Before you choose that Save as PDF option, you could make some minor adjustments in the print dialog. You could set it to make the PDF out of just pages 10-15, for instance. Or change it from portrait to landscape. Anything that you can adjust for a document printing on paper, you could adjust here for the PDF, but that's all.

Apple would rather you did this another way, however. The company would prefer that your apps offer you something like the File, Export to PDF option that Pages, Numbers and other Apple apps have.

Right now it's anybody's guess whether a particular app will ever adopt this or not. Microsoft Office ignores it, for instance, and sticks to the old way —but there are times when this export approach is useful. True, that's partly just because it saves you a step hunting through that Print dialog but it also gives you the option to save the PDF in different qualities. It's not a precise tool, but Apple's giving you the choice of Good, Better and Best get you significantly different quality and file sizes of the resulting PDF.

Top L-R: a Good, Better, Best text PDF. Bottom: the same with a photo

You can be hard-pressed to see any difference in text when you've chosen Good, Better or Best quality in Export to PDF. It's not always a dramatic difference when the PDF has photos, too, but it can be. In this example case, the Good quality has slightly distorted the walls of the theater in the first image.

Close up on the difference between Good and Best quality. Notice how the brickwork between the windows is distorted

Similarly, you will get differences when the PDF has charts or illustrations but they may be small. With pen and ink illustrations, you'll see areas of cross hatching look less distinct, for instance.

There's no way to measure how much difference there is going to be, and actually there's not even a way to know in advance how much smaller your file size will be. It depends on the length of your PDF document and the number of photos or illustrations in it. For example, though, the PDF document in the image above is 115KB at Good quality, 168KB at Better and 197KB at Best.

That's not a difference that is going to concern you. Yet with a much larger and complex document, a reduction in file size could be the difference between being able to upload it to a service like MailChimp or not.

Preview isn't just for viewing

The document in the examples above was created in Pages, exported to PDF and then opened in Preview. The Preview app is an excellent PDF reader —but it is also much, much more than that.

Preview has two oddly similar yet importantly different options. In the File menu, you'll see both Export... and Export to PDF.

The first Export... lets you produce a PDF just as the second option does, but it gives you more controls along the way. Choose Export... and Preview will display a regular Save As dialog with certain automatic settings. There's a Format setting, for instance. This lets you save any document as PDF, JPEG, PNG and so on.

Underneath that, though, there are settings that vary depending on what format you've chosen. For PDF, you get an option called Quartz Filter. The name Quartz comes from macOS's internal Core Graphics features and what you're really setting here is how the Mac will render the PDF. You can make a monochrome PDF, you can lighten up the images —and you can reduce the file size.

Left: the full-size PDF document. Right: the same after using Preview's Reduce File Size

However, you get no options for specifying the reduction, you can just turn Reduce File Size on or off. You also can't choose two of the Quart Filter options or at least not at the same time. You could produce PDF that was, say, black and white. Then you could open that up and export it again with the Reduce File Size.

Again, there's no way to predict the difference all of this will make to your PDF document's size. However, for example, taking that same Pages document with a photo and using Reduce File Size turned the 197KB original into a 92KB PDF.

Going back to the Pages PDF and choosing to make a black and white version in Preview made an 86KB file. And then using Reduce File Size on that version we ended up with an 87KB document.

You can really squeeze the life out of your PDF. Left: a monochrome version. Right: that version also put through Reduce File Size

So we made the document as poor as possible and we also increased its size, if just fractionally. Perhaps this is why Apple only allows you to choose one Quartz Filter at a time.

Nonetheless, even though you have to fiddle a little to get a combination of small file size and a document that's acceptable to read, you can do this. You do have more options for PDFs on the Mac before you consider third-party apps.

It's exactly the same with the next issue. Most of the time you will just be reading PDFs and only some of the time will you be making them. And then, there's some smaller amount of time when you'll be editing the PDFs instead of the original document.

You can do some large-scale edits on your Mac such as adding and removing whole pages. And you can annotate or mark up any PDF to within an inch of its life just using what comes with Mojave.

Let me know what you think by adding a comment to this post. Enjoy...
The old Stationery function is gone in macOS Mojave, but you can still create email templates you can easily access. The trick is to build draft email messages and then move them to a custom mailbox. Then you can grab one of those messages and send it, customizing it as you see fit. In addition, you can use Pages instead of Mail to compose your templates as some features like tables are only available this way.
Check out the below video:
Okay someone ask me to show them a simpler way to use their iPhone as a scanner.

First open the app Notes.
Then ceate a new note by tapping on the little icon in the bottom right corner.
Now that you have a new note, I recommend you replace the title "New Note" with something more meaningful, like, Magazine, then press the return key. This creates a title for this note.

Now tap on the little icon that looks like a circle with a plus sign in it

You should see a popup menu like this:

Tap on the Scan Documents choice, point camera at document and make sure all the document is visible on the iPhone screen. When it turns yellow, it is ready to scan the document automatically. After you hear the camera click, tap on save to save the document or just scan another document to add it to the existing note.

Look at this scan of a magazine, very readable:

Happy scanning...
Since the iPhone X-series models have no Home button, new users sometimes struggle with how to exit apps and get back to the Home screen. The Home indicator line at the bottom of the screen is the key to doing this. However, it is important to realize that this line is at the bottom of the screen in any orientation. So it won't appear on the right when you are playing a game in horizontal mode, but at the bottom of the screen under the game or sometimes over the graphics at the bottom of the game.

Watch the video:
How to convert a DOCX file to Pages on macOS

The DOCX file format is a proprietary file format that Microsoft Word saves documents to. There are quite a few other word processors that can open a DOCX file but none can edit them as well as Microsoft Word can. That said, most can convert them to their own format and edit them afterwards. If you’re on a Mac and prefer using Pages over Word, you can convert a DOCX file to Pages with the Pages app.

DOCX file to Pages

In order to convert a DOCX file to Pages, you need to have the Pages app installed on your system. Once you install it, double-click to open the DOCX file and it will automatically open in Pages.

When you open the file, you will see a message at the top ‘This document has missing fonts’.

You can convert the DOCX file to Pages without fixing this but it’s a bad idea. Click the dropdown next to the missing fonts and select a font to replace it. You will only have to replace the Calibri font as that’s a proprietary font. The others will most likely be available on macOS but you still need to select them.

After you replace the fonts, go to File>Save. In the save file dialog box that opens, select where you want to save the file. By default, Pages will always save it to the Pages file format.

That’s all you need to do. A new file be saved and it will preserve the formatting of the original DOCX file.

Microsoft Word is available for Mac so if you’re in a pinch or the document that is converted by Pages doesn’t look very good after conversion, you can use it instead to edit the document.

Microsoft Word on Mac isn’t as good as its Windows counterpart. For one, it was late to arrive on the OS and in many cases it is still playing catch up. This, unfortunately, holds true for all the apps in the Office Suite. Their Mac versions lag behind their Windows counterparts.

The second reason is that while Microsoft doesn’t tend to lock its services and apps to its platform, it won’t want users to have as good an experience on Mac as they do on Windows. Lots of people, especially in corporations, tend to use the Office Suite so it can’t just lock out users who are on a Mac. Between promoting its own product, and making sure that maximum people use it, this is possibly the only outcome you can expect.

The Notes app for iPad has a variety of handy keyboard shortcuts available for usage within the app when a keyboard is connected to the device.

If you’re a Notes app user and use an iPad with an external Bluetooth keyboard, a keyboard case, or with an Apple Smart Keyboard, you may find this collection of keyboard shortcuts to be helpful to your workflow.

Note you must use iPad with a physical keyboard to gain access to the keystrokes listed, as the onscreen virtual keyboard does not support these keyboard shortcuts.

Notes Keyboard Shortcuts for iPad

Bold – Command + B
Italics – Command + i
Underline – Command + U
Title – Shift + Command + T
Heading – Shift + Command + H
Body – Shift + Command + B
Checklist – Shift + Command + L
Mark as Checked – Shift + Command + U
Table – Control + Shift + T
Indent Right – Command + ]
Find in Note – Command + F
Note List Search – Control + Command + F
New Note – Command + N
End Editing – Command + Return
Don’t forget the standard copy, cut, and paste keyboard shortcuts on iPad work in the Notes app too:

Command + C for Copy
Command + X for Cut
Command + V for Paste
Note that you can initiate some of these keystrokes at any time in the Notes app, while others you will need to have selected text or an item within Notes app to be able to perform the function (like Copy or Cut).

If you can’t remember all of the Notes app keyboard shortcuts, you can see a screen popover of available keystrokes in the Notes app on iPad at any time by holding down the COMMAND key on the external keyboard (this trick works in many other Apple iPad apps too).

Notes app keyboard shortcut cheatsheet on iPad

Many of these keyboard shortcuts are also the same in the Notes app for Mac, and in other iOS and Mac OS apps too, so keep that in mind if you use both platforms.

Here is a small pdf to show you how to keep your junk mail box clean on your mac.

Just click on the below secure site link to see the pdf:
I had the pleasure of meeting pastor Michael Gaude on the radio. From there I found out they had a need to share so a website was hosted, designed and built by Michling Consultants.
They are providing a great ministry in Los Cocos Nicaragua.

Check out he website by clicking the below link: