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A list of some of the new IOS 13 features and changes. 200+ and counting!!

General/Design
Dark Mode
Scheduled Dark Mode
Eight new stock wallpapers
3D Touch replaced by Haptic Touch
Access peek and quick actions on older devices
New Volume HUD interface
New Silent Mode interface
iTunes Store demoted to second page
Podcast app promoted to first page
Find My replaces Find My Friends and Find My iPhone
New Contacts app icon
New Reminders app icon
Shortcuts app is preinstalled
New rounded glyphs
Padded table views
New header buttons
New Card sheet interface
New Options Ellipsis
Siri Dictation within search fields
Smaller ‘AM/PM’ text on time

Connectivity
Personal Hotspot: Family Sharing
Personal Hotspot: Allow Others to Join
Persistent personal hotspot
Low Data Mode
Wi-Fi: Ask to Join Networks
Wi-Fi: Auto Join Hotspot
WPA3 Wi-Fi support

Other
Audio Sharing with AirPods
New location controls to allow access to your location just once
Playstation 4 and Xbox One S Controller Support
Optimized Battery Charging

ScreenTime
ScreenTime: Communication Limits
Combined app limits
One more minute
Accessibility
Accessibility promoted root Settings with icons
Display Accommodations is now Display & Text Size
Voice control – control your device with your voice

Keyboard and Input
Cut, copy, and paste gestures
Undo and redo gestures
QuickPath Typing
Cursor navigation
Scroll bar scrubbing
Text selection via tap and swipe
Multiselect tap with two fingers and drag
Intelligent selection for address, phone numbers, email address, etc.
38 new keyboard languages
Separate emoji and globe keys
Memoji Stickers accessible from keyboard
Memoji and Animoji stickers on older devices
Redesigned Markup toolset
Install and manage Fonts
Full page screenshots

Share Sheet
Completely redesigned
New Share Suggestions
Standalone AirDrop card

Control Center
Dark Mode Toggle
Switch to specific Wi-Fi networks
Switch to specific Bluetooth
Volume shows what device you’re controlling
Larger Glyphs (flashlight, etc)
Music control shows Speakers & TVs
Larger Hearing icon
More rounded Hearing shortcut
Slightly tweaked Magnifier interface
New Voice Memos glyphs
New QR Code Reader icon

Widgets
Redesigned widgets for a cleaner look
Show text replaced by disclosure triangle

Siri
New voice using advanced neural text-to-speech
Indian English Accent
Phone
Modified phone glyph with darker green
Updated Contacts tab glyph
Updated in-call screen with larger icons/updated glyphs
Background shows contact photo
Settings: Call Silencing

Safari
Updated Start Page
Siri suggested website links
Siri Suggestions
Built-in download manager
Page zoom
Website view menu
Per‑site settings
Save open tabs as bookmarks
Open all tabs
Jump to open tab from smart search
Haptic Touch Download Linked File
Photo upload size
Private mode
Settings: Downloads
Settings: New Tabs section
Settings: Settings for Websites

Messages
Share name and photo
Quickly access additional contact methods
Three new Animoji
Tons of new Memoji customizations
Animoji & Memoji stickers
Announce Messages on AirPods
Settings: Send & Receive Addresses Moved to the Top
Settings: Share Name And Photo

Music
Redesigned Now-Playing interface
Time‑synced lyrics
Easily view Up Next queue
Updated AirPlay button
Smaller volume button
New options menu
Settings: Sync Library replaces iCloud Music Library

Calendar
Larger glyphs
Add attachment to events

Photos
New Photos tab
Auto-playing Live Photos and videos
Settings: Auto-Playing video and Live Photos
Photos tab auto hides content
Redesigned editing interface
Adjust intensity of filters
Pinch to zoom while editing
Options relocated to upper right-hand corner
Auto enhance integrated within main editor
Vibrance
White Balance (Warmth & Tint)
Sharpen
Definition
Noise Reduction
Vignette
Review each effect individually
Powerful video editor
Video edits are non-destructive
Portrait Mode High-Key Mono
Portrait Lighting Control
New Options when sharing Photos
Combine multiple search terms

Camera
Redesigned Zoom button

Mail
Search box is shown immediately
Larger subject in compose view
New Send button
Updated action buttons (More, Flag, etc.)
More options when performing a Haptic Touch
New text formatting tools
New toolbar for inserting photos, drawings, scans and documents
Extended Reply menu
Multi-colored flags (across devices)
Settings: New Threading options
Settings: Include attachments with replies

Clock
Larger header text
New splash screen and set up for Bedtime
Larger stopwatch without header
Updated Timer interface with new circle also shows when timer will end

Maps
Rebuilt Maps
Look Around
Browse Nearby
Redesigned Favorites
Collections

Reminders
Brand new app
Quick toolbar to add times, dates, locations, etc.
Smart lists automatically organized by Flagged, Scheduled, and Today
Add attachments to Reminders
Natural language input/Siri Intelligence
Messages integration
Settings: Today Notification
Settings: Show Reminders as Overdue

Notes
New gallery view
Shared folders
View-only collaboration

Stocks
Stocks text no longer all caps
Edit button on main interface
Redesigned interface elements

Books
Reading Goals
New Notification panel on Account page
Settings: Reading Goals
Settings: External Controls (Just like podcasts)

App Store
App Updates have moved
Bypass cellular download limit
New Apple Arcade tab
Default search text
Apple Watch search results
Subscription link moved

Health
New dynamic Summary view
Menstrual Cycle Tracking
Highlights
Dedicated Search and Browse
New profile page
New Settings panel

Home
Refreshed Home app accessory controls
AirPlay 2 speakers in scenes and automations
Siri Shortcuts in automations
New Hubs and Bridges section in preferences

Files
Rich metadata
External USB drive, SD card, or hard drive support
Create folders on the local drive and add your favorite files.
Connect to a file server at work or a home PC using SMB from Files.
Downloads folder
iCloud Drive folder sharing
Zip and unzip
Document Scanner

Find My
New app combines Find My iPhone with Find My Friends
Settings: Enable Offline Finding

Shortcuts
Redesigned look
Shortcut automation that works with HomeKit

Contacts
New relationship labels in Contacts app
Create Memoji right inside of Contacts

Watch
Search option has been removed
App Store links to actual App Store
Accessibility section promoted

Voice Memos
New Splash screen
Pinch to zoom

Theses are just some of the new IOS 13 features and changes, there may be more on final release!
One announcement Apple did not mention at the WWDC 2019 was:
For power users, Apple replaced bash with zsh as the default shell in macOS Catalina. It is a more modern shell, so why not. Good timing...



According to Apple, these are the Macs that will run Catalina:
MacBook 2015 and later
MacBook Air 2012 and later
MacBook Pro 2012 and later
iMac 2012 and later
iMac Pro 2017 and later
Mac Mini 2012 and later
Mac Pro 2013 and later


When did your Mac last start up? Mine’s only been running continuously now for nearly ten days, but unless something forces me to, I don’t intend restarting it for another couple of weeks, and only shut it down completely a couple of times a year. Which is better, then: a daily boot, or leaving your Mac on as long as possible?

Traditional arguments about this have been based on the last generation of computers, with internal hard drives. I’ve been leaving my desktop Mac running constantly for many years now, and started doing so largely to reduce the risk of hard drive failure. This iMac Pro no longer has internal storage which spins platters, so it’s time to reassess what I do.

Factors to consider include:

Which model it is. Laptops are engineered for intermittent use, with periods of sleep or shutdown in between. Even if you’re using a MacBook Pro as your desktop system much of the time, you’re very unlikely to be interested in running it continuously.
Whether any part of your system still uses rotating disks. Although my iMac doesn’t contain them, it backs up to an external RAID which contains four conventional hard drives.
Pattern of use. If your Mac is unused from Friday evening to Monday morning, it’s likely to make sense to at least shut it down for that period each week.
Location and your presence. Similar considerations apply when the Mac is in an office which is only occupied during working hours.
Servers and services. If your Mac provides services to other Macs or devices, it needs to be running when those services may be required.
How often you replace it. I aim to replace my desktop when its AppleCare runs out, but many users will want a longer life.
Energy consumption and cost. Even when sleeping, a desktop system uses electricity of course.
Hardware reliability.
Reliability of services (power, heat, cooling) and provision of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Desktop Macs should always be protected by a UPS, but when they’re unattended for long periods you may want one with a higher specification to cope with mains outages when you’re not there. Automatic shutdown is essential, and needs to be tested too.
Security. If your Mac is going to be unattended for long periods, you need confidence in its physical (local) and Internet security.
Ease of access. If you do have access out of ‘working hours’ but shut your Mac down then, you are unlikely to want to start it up just to check something out quickly over an evening or weekend.
The biggest argument in favour of leaving computers running constantly in the past has been to minimise the risk of mechanical failure of hard disks. Evidence shows that repeatedly spinning up and spinning down rotating hard disks reduces their working life, on average. Leaving a disk running at constant speed at all times generally results in longer life before mechanical failure. That should be a key consideration if any part of your system relies on conventional hard disks.

One way around this is to use networked storage for backups; you can leave that storage running constantly, but still shut your computer system(s) down when you wish.

It’s generally accepted that electronics which warm up in use, as computers do, tends to run with fewer problems when they are left running at normal working temperatures for long periods. One factor which has been implicated in this is the use of lead-free solder. It has been claimed that repeatedly cycling the temperature of some components soldered without the use of lead – which has been banned throughout the EU for more than a decade – increases the risk of joint failure.

However, since lead-free solder and its use with surface-mount components have undergone considerable improvement over that period, it’s hard to know how true or significant this might be. Most electronic engineering advice, though, continues to recommend that systems are left running in stable conditions as much as possible to ensure their maximum working life.

Pattern of use is very important here. If your Mac is in a separate workplace, you may only use it from Monday to Friday between 0800 and 1700, say. Although I do go out daily, at least, my desktop system is essentially in use seven days a week between about 0700 or earlier and 2330. Out of the 168 hours that it’s running each week, it could only sensibly be shut down for less than 50 hours, which is under 30%.

Following on from that is the question of how much energy you’d save by shutting your Mac down. This is relatively simple to estimate: in my case I’ve got an iMac Pro and my RAID, which together will use around 100-120 W when idle. So if I shut them down for 50 hours each week, I should save around 5 kW each week, or 250 kW per year, which costs me roughly £45 per year. If my Mac were to be shut down outside ‘office’ hours, say 120 hours each week, instead, then those savings would rise to just over £100 per year.

In the days when Macs had hard disks, that sort of saving was probably less than the cost of replacing disks which failed as a result of accelerated ageing. With hardware savings even tougher to guesstimate now, the answer in terms of cost isn’t as clear.

Finally, you need to know whether your Mac can sleep and wake reliably. This is my third iMac in succession which hasn’t been reliable in this respect, now probably because of the kernel extension for the RAID drive, which tends to be unstable when waking up. When it does sleep, regardless of the Energy Saver pane settings, it also tends to put the drives in the RAID to sleep too, which defeats part of the purpose in not shutting it down.

Some users even question the value of putting a display to sleep: over the working lifetime of a computer like an iMac, never putting the display to sleep is extremely unlikely to cause any persisting faults in its modern display.

At the end of the day, it’s a personal decision on the balance of these different factors, and what you feel most comfortable doing.


Here is a pdf showing some of them. ENJOY!
Remember to leave a comment if you are so inclined.

https://mespn.com/SomeMoreiPhoneStuff.pdf
Did you know the Mac has built in malware protection. Some people refer to this as “virus” protection, but it is really malware as it would need to be downloaded and installed on your Mac, which is not an easy thing to do because of all the protections Apple has provided.

There are three parts to this protection system : Gatekeeper (Security and Privacy), XProtect and the Malware Removal Tool…

To ensure all your systems are working go to System Preferences… under the Apple menu.
Then click on Security & Privacy select the General tab



Click the lock to make changes:
You can choose Allow Apps downloaded from:
App store or App store and identified developers.
This will make sure you are downloading ONLY from the app store or the app store and trusted developers that you trust.

Go back to System Preferences:

Then click on Software update:


Then click on the Advanced… button


Make sure the Install system data and security updates is checked.

Then close System Preferences

Your Mac is protected from known malware and Apple will update automatically for you as needed.


I did not forget about you iPad users.

Here is a multipage PDF loaded with iPad features for you to use. Enjoy. Click on the Comments below to leave a comment.

https://mespn.com/iPadFeatures.pdf


You might find this an interesting read...

AT&T said, "Don't do it"...

https://mespn.com/Switch_Or_No_Switch.pdf


Here is a multi page pdf to show you how:
https://mespn.com/SiriSetAlarms.pdf
Adobe Acrobat is a fine editing tool (if you enjoy being pestered with constant updates). But Mac users have a built-in alternative that comes with features comparable to the free version of Acrobat.

The list of ways you can manipulate a PDF or photo (including JPEG or PNG) in Preview is long. Here is just a sampling to get you started.

How to fill in and sign a form on Preview

This is the most basic function of a good PDF reader. In Preview, just click on the fillable sections and start typing.

You can also sign a fillable form in Preview.

1. Open the PDF in Preview.

2. Click Tools > Annotate > Signature.


Signature option in Tools menu
You can insert your signature into PDF documents.

3. If you've already added a signature to Preview, it will appear in a pop-up box. Click your signature to add it, then drag it to the appropriate spot on the form.

4. If you don't have a signature or want to create a new one, click "Manage Signatures." A window will appear that allows you to create a signature on your trackpad, or scan one with your camera. Once you are satisfied, click "Done" and your signature is saved.

You can create a signature with your trackpad, or by scanning one with your computer's camera.

One caveat: If you save a fillable form and send it to someone who will open it in Acrobat, Acrobat may see your entries on the form. You can get around this by printing and scanning the document or by printing to PDF.

How to annotate a PDF in Preview

There are numerous ways you can edit a PDF in Preview. Most of the editing tools are found under Tools > Annotate.

You can add text, arrows, circles, rectangles, and more. To customize these annotations, click the appropriate icon on the menu above the document.

Change the thickness of a line by clicking the line icon. A menu of line options will drop down.
To change the color of an arrow, shape, or line, click the outline icon. A color palette will pop down. Click on the color you want.
To change the fill of a shape, click the box icon. A color palette appears. For no fill, choose the white box with a red line across it.
Click the text icon to change the font, size, alignment, or style of added text. To change the text color, click the color box on the upper right side of the font box. A color palette will pop down.

Preview allows you to change the color of most annotations.

You can annotate text that's already in the document with options such as highlight, strikethrough, and underline. Simply place your cursor on the text you want to annotate. Choose Tools > Annotate to see your options.

How to edit a photo in Preview

You can annotate a photo with the same tools you can use on a regular PDF. In addition, you can flip a photo horizontally or vertically, crop it, or adjust the size.

To change the orientation of a photo, the tools menu gives you options to rotate or flip the image. If you want to adjust the size, choose Tools > Adjust Size. Size adjustment comes in handy if your image is too large to send or add to a social media profile.

Here are the steps to crop a photo:

1. Place your cursor at one of the corners where you want to start cropping.

2. Drag your cursor until the dotted line is the size you want to crop.

Select what you want to be saved after the crop.

3. Choose Tools > Crop. This option will be grayed out until you have set the crop area.

You can undo any of these changes in Preview by choosing Edit > Undo. You also have the option to revert to an earlier version of the image or PDF.

Just click File > Revert To. A box will pop out showing you previous saved versions of the document.

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