Main Michling Consultants

Here is a pdf on my secure server showing some favorite highlites of the new IOS 13.

Would be nice to get a comment from you.

Apple has announced that Shortcuts, a powerful automation app for the iPhone and iPad, will come pre-installed on iOS devices. This is great news because it’s an incredibly handy app — based on Workflow which Apple acquired in 2017 — let’s you combine multiple actions to perform a specific task.

What kind of things, you ask? Well, you can for example make it easier to open your favorite Apple Music playlist, finding travel times to an address, creating GIFs, and more.

But one of its best uses in my opinion is use it as an RSS reader, and here’s a PDF to show you how you do it:

At WWDC 2019, Apple announced the next big update to macOS, which supports the Mac mini, iMac, Mac Pro, MacBook, MacBook Air, and MacBook Pro. MacOS 10.15 Catalina will this fall although an exact date hasn't been announced. There are plenty of new features coming our way, including the following.

What's new with macOS 10.15 Catalina?
There are dozens of new features coming to macOS 10.15 later this year. Some are bigger than others, of course.

Three new Apps to replace iTunes
In Mac, Apple is splitting iTunes into three separate apps: Music, Apple Podcasts, and Apple TV.
Not surprisingly, Music is a lot like iTunes and even more like Music on iOS 12. It also offers syncing capabilities for those who still like to sync iPhone and iPad with Mac. For those who love buying music, there's a store built into the app.

Apple Podcasts offers an interesting search feature that uses machine learning to help you find a podcast you heard about but forget its name by title, topic, guest, host, and more. Apple says there are now over 700,000 podcasts available.

Finally, the new Apple TV app supports 4K and Dolby Atmos-supported films for the first time on Mac. It looks similar to the iOS version of the Apple TV app.
All three apps — Music, Apple Podcasts, and Apple TV — sync your content through iCloud across your devices. Or sync it from each of the apps if you prefer using a cable.

Sidecar with iPad
With Sidecar, you can use your iPad as a second display for Mac! This feature works wirelessly and wired. Sidecar also lets you use the same Multi-Touch gestures with your Mac that you do with your iPad. Draw and sketch is also supported.
At launch, various third-party apps will support Sidecar, including Adobe Illustrator, Cinema 4D, Sketch, and more.

On macOS Catalina, there is now Voice Control, a new way to fully control your Mac, iPadOS, and iOS devices with your voice. It's just one of many new accessibility features in macOS Catalina.

Find My
Find My iPhone and Find My Friends have been merged on both Mac, iPhone, and iPad as Find My. The combined apps lets you locate the people and devices that are important to you.

Activation Lock
Available on all Macs with a T2 Security Chip, Activation Lock allows you to erase and deactivate your Mac in the event that it's stolen. It's similar to a feature already available on iPhone and iPad.

Updated Apps
Existing Mac apps like Reminders are getting minor updates in macOS Catalina.
In Notes, there's a new gallery view that displays your notes as visual thumbnails, which makes it easier to find specific content. There's also the ability to share notes or entire folders as view-only. With new shared folders, you can collaborate on a folder level with ease. Look for more powerful search functionality as well.
Reminders is completely new in macOS Catalina and includes a new design and more powerful features. These include enhanced Siri intelligence, the ability to add attachments, new edit buttons, and more.
In the Photos app, you'll now find a new Photos tab, larger photo previews, day, month, and year organization, and auto-playing of Live Photos and videos.
Safari has received a new start page and other features.
Next, Mail now includes block sender, mute, and unsubscribe features.

Screen Time for Mac
One year after it arrived on iOS, ScreenTime is coming to macOS too. The controls allow you to keep track of your usage on Mac and also restrict the content that's available. You can also use ScreenTime to turn off features at certain times of the day.

Project Catalyst
Goodbye, Marzipan, hello, Project Catalyst. This new program will allow developers to create apps that will work across multiple Apple devices, including iPhone, iPad, and Mac. This integration will be available for games, of course, plus travel, entertainment, banking, education, project management, and more.

Approve with Apple Watch
You can soon double-click the side button of your Apple Watch to authenticate on your Mac. In doing so, you can unlock a locked note, approve app installations, and view your passwords in Safari preferences without having to enter one.

And many more!
We're just scratching the surface on macOS Catalina. Be sure to bookmark this blog for updates.

When can I download the official version of macOS Catalina?
macOS 10.15 is available as a beta for developers right now. If you're not a developer you'll be able to download it for free this fall.

(CAUTION*) If you plan on downloading the developer beta, be smart about it: If you only have a single Mac, make sure you create a partition to run beta software or install on a secondary Mac you don't rely on for everyday use. Remember this is an early beta and is not meant for primary use. (You have been warned!)

The final version — the public version that is no longer in beta — will be available this fall as a free update in the Mac App Store.

My Mac is old, can I upgrade to macOS Catalina?
The latest Mac operating system will run on the following devices:
MacBook (2015 or newer)
MacBook Air (2012 or newer)
MacBook Pro (2012 or newer)
Mac mini (2012 or newer)
iMac (2012 or newer)
iMac Pro (2017 or newer)
Mac Pro (2013 or newer)

A list of some of the new IOS 13 features and changes. 200+ and counting!!

Dark Mode
Scheduled Dark Mode
Eight new stock wallpapers
3D Touch replaced by Haptic Touch
Access peek and quick actions on older devices
New Volume HUD interface
New Silent Mode interface
iTunes Store demoted to second page
Podcast app promoted to first page
Find My replaces Find My Friends and Find My iPhone
New Contacts app icon
New Reminders app icon
Shortcuts app is preinstalled
New rounded glyphs
Padded table views
New header buttons
New Card sheet interface
New Options Ellipsis
Siri Dictation within search fields
Smaller ‘AM/PM’ text on time

Personal Hotspot: Family Sharing
Personal Hotspot: Allow Others to Join
Persistent personal hotspot
Low Data Mode
Wi-Fi: Ask to Join Networks
Wi-Fi: Auto Join Hotspot
WPA3 Wi-Fi support

Audio Sharing with AirPods
New location controls to allow access to your location just once
Playstation 4 and Xbox One S Controller Support
Optimized Battery Charging

ScreenTime: Communication Limits
Combined app limits
One more minute
Accessibility promoted root Settings with icons
Display Accommodations is now Display & Text Size
Voice control – control your device with your voice

Keyboard and Input
Cut, copy, and paste gestures
Undo and redo gestures
QuickPath Typing
Cursor navigation
Scroll bar scrubbing
Text selection via tap and swipe
Multiselect tap with two fingers and drag
Intelligent selection for address, phone numbers, email address, etc.
38 new keyboard languages
Separate emoji and globe keys
Memoji Stickers accessible from keyboard
Memoji and Animoji stickers on older devices
Redesigned Markup toolset
Install and manage Fonts
Full page screenshots

Share Sheet
Completely redesigned
New Share Suggestions
Standalone AirDrop card

Control Center
Dark Mode Toggle
Switch to specific Wi-Fi networks
Switch to specific Bluetooth
Volume shows what device you’re controlling
Larger Glyphs (flashlight, etc)
Music control shows Speakers & TVs
Larger Hearing icon
More rounded Hearing shortcut
Slightly tweaked Magnifier interface
New Voice Memos glyphs
New QR Code Reader icon

Redesigned widgets for a cleaner look
Show text replaced by disclosure triangle

New voice using advanced neural text-to-speech
Indian English Accent
Modified phone glyph with darker green
Updated Contacts tab glyph
Updated in-call screen with larger icons/updated glyphs
Background shows contact photo
Settings: Call Silencing

Updated Start Page
Siri suggested website links
Siri Suggestions
Built-in download manager
Page zoom
Website view menu
Per‑site settings
Save open tabs as bookmarks
Open all tabs
Jump to open tab from smart search
Haptic Touch Download Linked File
Photo upload size
Private mode
Settings: Downloads
Settings: New Tabs section
Settings: Settings for Websites

Share name and photo
Quickly access additional contact methods
Three new Animoji
Tons of new Memoji customizations
Animoji & Memoji stickers
Announce Messages on AirPods
Settings: Send & Receive Addresses Moved to the Top
Settings: Share Name And Photo

Redesigned Now-Playing interface
Time‑synced lyrics
Easily view Up Next queue
Updated AirPlay button
Smaller volume button
New options menu
Settings: Sync Library replaces iCloud Music Library

Larger glyphs
Add attachment to events

New Photos tab
Auto-playing Live Photos and videos
Settings: Auto-Playing video and Live Photos
Photos tab auto hides content
Redesigned editing interface
Adjust intensity of filters
Pinch to zoom while editing
Options relocated to upper right-hand corner
Auto enhance integrated within main editor
White Balance (Warmth & Tint)
Noise Reduction
Review each effect individually
Powerful video editor
Video edits are non-destructive
Portrait Mode High-Key Mono
Portrait Lighting Control
New Options when sharing Photos
Combine multiple search terms

Redesigned Zoom button

Search box is shown immediately
Larger subject in compose view
New Send button
Updated action buttons (More, Flag, etc.)
More options when performing a Haptic Touch
New text formatting tools
New toolbar for inserting photos, drawings, scans and documents
Extended Reply menu
Multi-colored flags (across devices)
Settings: New Threading options
Settings: Include attachments with replies

Larger header text
New splash screen and set up for Bedtime
Larger stopwatch without header
Updated Timer interface with new circle also shows when timer will end

Rebuilt Maps
Look Around
Browse Nearby
Redesigned Favorites

Brand new app
Quick toolbar to add times, dates, locations, etc.
Smart lists automatically organized by Flagged, Scheduled, and Today
Add attachments to Reminders
Natural language input/Siri Intelligence
Messages integration
Settings: Today Notification
Settings: Show Reminders as Overdue

New gallery view
Shared folders
View-only collaboration

Stocks text no longer all caps
Edit button on main interface
Redesigned interface elements

Reading Goals
New Notification panel on Account page
Settings: Reading Goals
Settings: External Controls (Just like podcasts)

App Store
App Updates have moved
Bypass cellular download limit
New Apple Arcade tab
Default search text
Apple Watch search results
Subscription link moved

New dynamic Summary view
Menstrual Cycle Tracking
Dedicated Search and Browse
New profile page
New Settings panel

Refreshed Home app accessory controls
AirPlay 2 speakers in scenes and automations
Siri Shortcuts in automations
New Hubs and Bridges section in preferences

Rich metadata
External USB drive, SD card, or hard drive support
Create folders on the local drive and add your favorite files.
Connect to a file server at work or a home PC using SMB from Files.
Downloads folder
iCloud Drive folder sharing
Zip and unzip
Document Scanner

Find My
New app combines Find My iPhone with Find My Friends
Settings: Enable Offline Finding

Redesigned look
Shortcut automation that works with HomeKit

New relationship labels in Contacts app
Create Memoji right inside of Contacts

Search option has been removed
App Store links to actual App Store
Accessibility section promoted

Voice Memos
New Splash screen
Pinch to zoom

Theses are just some of the new IOS 13 features and changes, there may be more on final release!
One announcement Apple did not mention at the WWDC 2019 was:
For power users, Apple replaced bash with zsh as the default shell in macOS Catalina. It is a more modern shell, so why not. Good timing...

According to Apple, these are the Macs that will run Catalina:
MacBook 2015 and later
MacBook Air 2012 and later
MacBook Pro 2012 and later
iMac 2012 and later
iMac Pro 2017 and later
Mac Mini 2012 and later
Mac Pro 2013 and later

When did your Mac last start up? Mine’s only been running continuously now for nearly ten days, but unless something forces me to, I don’t intend restarting it for another couple of weeks, and only shut it down completely a couple of times a year. Which is better, then: a daily boot, or leaving your Mac on as long as possible?

Traditional arguments about this have been based on the last generation of computers, with internal hard drives. I’ve been leaving my desktop Mac running constantly for many years now, and started doing so largely to reduce the risk of hard drive failure. This iMac Pro no longer has internal storage which spins platters, so it’s time to reassess what I do.

Factors to consider include:

Which model it is. Laptops are engineered for intermittent use, with periods of sleep or shutdown in between. Even if you’re using a MacBook Pro as your desktop system much of the time, you’re very unlikely to be interested in running it continuously.
Whether any part of your system still uses rotating disks. Although my iMac doesn’t contain them, it backs up to an external RAID which contains four conventional hard drives.
Pattern of use. If your Mac is unused from Friday evening to Monday morning, it’s likely to make sense to at least shut it down for that period each week.
Location and your presence. Similar considerations apply when the Mac is in an office which is only occupied during working hours.
Servers and services. If your Mac provides services to other Macs or devices, it needs to be running when those services may be required.
How often you replace it. I aim to replace my desktop when its AppleCare runs out, but many users will want a longer life.
Energy consumption and cost. Even when sleeping, a desktop system uses electricity of course.
Hardware reliability.
Reliability of services (power, heat, cooling) and provision of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Desktop Macs should always be protected by a UPS, but when they’re unattended for long periods you may want one with a higher specification to cope with mains outages when you’re not there. Automatic shutdown is essential, and needs to be tested too.
Security. If your Mac is going to be unattended for long periods, you need confidence in its physical (local) and Internet security.
Ease of access. If you do have access out of ‘working hours’ but shut your Mac down then, you are unlikely to want to start it up just to check something out quickly over an evening or weekend.
The biggest argument in favour of leaving computers running constantly in the past has been to minimise the risk of mechanical failure of hard disks. Evidence shows that repeatedly spinning up and spinning down rotating hard disks reduces their working life, on average. Leaving a disk running at constant speed at all times generally results in longer life before mechanical failure. That should be a key consideration if any part of your system relies on conventional hard disks.

One way around this is to use networked storage for backups; you can leave that storage running constantly, but still shut your computer system(s) down when you wish.

It’s generally accepted that electronics which warm up in use, as computers do, tends to run with fewer problems when they are left running at normal working temperatures for long periods. One factor which has been implicated in this is the use of lead-free solder. It has been claimed that repeatedly cycling the temperature of some components soldered without the use of lead – which has been banned throughout the EU for more than a decade – increases the risk of joint failure.

However, since lead-free solder and its use with surface-mount components have undergone considerable improvement over that period, it’s hard to know how true or significant this might be. Most electronic engineering advice, though, continues to recommend that systems are left running in stable conditions as much as possible to ensure their maximum working life.

Pattern of use is very important here. If your Mac is in a separate workplace, you may only use it from Monday to Friday between 0800 and 1700, say. Although I do go out daily, at least, my desktop system is essentially in use seven days a week between about 0700 or earlier and 2330. Out of the 168 hours that it’s running each week, it could only sensibly be shut down for less than 50 hours, which is under 30%.

Following on from that is the question of how much energy you’d save by shutting your Mac down. This is relatively simple to estimate: in my case I’ve got an iMac Pro and my RAID, which together will use around 100-120 W when idle. So if I shut them down for 50 hours each week, I should save around 5 kW each week, or 250 kW per year, which costs me roughly £45 per year. If my Mac were to be shut down outside ‘office’ hours, say 120 hours each week, instead, then those savings would rise to just over £100 per year.

In the days when Macs had hard disks, that sort of saving was probably less than the cost of replacing disks which failed as a result of accelerated ageing. With hardware savings even tougher to guesstimate now, the answer in terms of cost isn’t as clear.

Finally, you need to know whether your Mac can sleep and wake reliably. This is my third iMac in succession which hasn’t been reliable in this respect, now probably because of the kernel extension for the RAID drive, which tends to be unstable when waking up. When it does sleep, regardless of the Energy Saver pane settings, it also tends to put the drives in the RAID to sleep too, which defeats part of the purpose in not shutting it down.

Some users even question the value of putting a display to sleep: over the working lifetime of a computer like an iMac, never putting the display to sleep is extremely unlikely to cause any persisting faults in its modern display.

At the end of the day, it’s a personal decision on the balance of these different factors, and what you feel most comfortable doing.

Here is a pdf showing some of them. ENJOY!
Remember to leave a comment if you are so inclined.
Did you know the Mac has built in malware protection. Some people refer to this as “virus” protection, but it is really malware as it would need to be downloaded and installed on your Mac, which is not an easy thing to do because of all the protections Apple has provided.

There are three parts to this protection system : Gatekeeper (Security and Privacy), XProtect and the Malware Removal Tool…

To ensure all your systems are working go to System Preferences… under the Apple menu.
Then click on Security & Privacy select the General tab

Click the lock to make changes:
You can choose Allow Apps downloaded from:
App store or App store and identified developers.
This will make sure you are downloading ONLY from the app store or the app store and trusted developers that you trust.

Go back to System Preferences:

Then click on Software update:

Then click on the Advanced… button

Make sure the Install system data and security updates is checked.

Then close System Preferences

Your Mac is protected from known malware and Apple will update automatically for you as needed.

I did not forget about you iPad users.

Here is a multipage PDF loaded with iPad features for you to use. Enjoy. Click on the Comments below to leave a comment.